Foot

Each of your feet has 26 bones, 33 joints, and more than 100 tendons, muscles, and ligaments. All the bones in the foot work together when walking. A fracture, or break, in any of these bones, can be painful and impact foot function. Bones usually break when something happens to crush, bend, twist, or stretch the bone.

The most common injuries to the foot are Fractures, Foot Sprains, and Plantar Fasciitis.

Fractures

Fractures often result from trauma or direct injury to the bone. The weight-bearing bones of the foot are especially vulnerable to stress fractures because of the repetitive forces they must absorb during activities like walking, running, and jumping.

Symptoms that indicate a fracture in your foot include pain and swelling. Bruising of the foot, inability to walk.

Diagnostic Procedures:

  • A thorough examination, which could include diagnostic procedure(s) such as palpation, a range of motion tests, X-rays, a CT scan, and an MRI in order to determine proper non-operative or operative treatment.
Foot Sprains

When a foot is sprained it is not the bones affected, but instead, the pain comes from the connective tissues between the bones and joints stretching or tearing.

Symptoms:

  • Painful swelling, bruising on your feet, inability to bear weight (this is a sign of a severe sprain).

Diagnostic Treatment:

  • A thorough examination, which could include diagnostic procedure(s) such as palpation, a range of motion tests, X-rays, and an MRI in order to determine proper non-operative or operative treatment.
Plantar fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of pain on the bottom of the heel. The plantar fascia is a long, thin ligament that lies directly beneath the skin on the bottom of the foot, supporting the foot arch and connecting the heel to the front of the foot. The plantar fascia is designed to absorb the high stresses and strains placed on feet, but sometimes too much pressure damages or tears the tissues. Plantar fasciitis occurs when the plantar fascia is irritated and inflamed.

Symptoms:

  • Pain on the bottom of the foot near the heel
  • Pain with the first few steps after getting out of bed in the morning or after a long period of rest
  • Greater pain after exercise or activities

Diagnostic Procedures:

  • A¬†thorough examination, which could include diagnostic procedure(s) such as palpation, a range of motion tests, X-rays, and an MRI in order to determine proper non-operative or operative treatment.